The struggle to keep water out of the basement is ongoing for many homeowners. A total flood, with several inches of water covering the floor, usually results in lasting, catastrophic damage. The destruction to a finished basement that’s being used as a room can run cost thousands of dollars.
Homes that are susceptible to repeated flooding need extra protection, otherwise the repeated strain on the drainage systems and foundation from the water pressure, not only on the outside, but on the inside can result in the slow degrading of the very foundation of the home..
Prevent flooding with a sump pump
For homeowner’s who have installed the standard waterproofing measures, including extra drainage, there is an additional solution to consider. One of the best ways to prevent extreme flooding is the installation of a sump pump.
A sump pump is a device that’s installed in a pit below ground level in the basement floor. Even though it’s below the basement floor, the sump pump should never be installed lower than the foundation drainage system. When the water level rises to a certain point in the pit, the sump pump is activated and it starts pumping the water into an outlet pipe that moves the water away from the basement and the rest of the house.
Which type of sump pump is best?
There are a lot of things to consider when installing a new sump pump, or replacing an old one, including what type of pump is best suitable to the needs of your home. The two basic types of pumps are the pedestal pump and the submersible pump. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages.
The submersible sits in the bottom of the sump pit and it goes into action when the water level rises above it. It detects water levels from a floating detector that’s connected to the pump with a wire. The submersible pump is designed to handle dirt and debris through a filter, so it may not break down as much, but getting to the motor is difficult because it’s in a sealed casing.
The pedestal pump switches on when the water level reaches the pump itself, which is installed at a higher level in the sump pit. Pedestal pumps can burn out because water gets sucked right into the pump and loose debris can clog it and cause it to malfunction. However, the simple design makes it easier to access for repair and maintenance.
Another consideration when selecting the right pump is the size and depth of the pit it sits in. Standard sump pits are 24” deep, but quickly overflow in heavy rainstorms because the pump can’t remove water fast enough. Some experts believe a wider pit is better because it gives the pump time to turn on and off. A sump pump can go into overload and burn out the motor if it doesn’t have time to rest between pumping cycles. It’s important to make sure the pit is wide and deep enough. A good contractor can recommend the best size for the sump pit.
It’s also important to make sure the sump pump has a permanent power supply. Power outages during severe weather pose more than an inconvenience. If you lose power to your home during a heavy rainstorm, the motor on the sump pump will stop, and the water level in your basement will rise. It is always wise to install a battery back up to the sump pump to prevent flooding.
It is best to consult with a professional to help you decide what kind of sump pump is the right solution to keeping your basement watertight. Our licensed and bonded staff at Royal Work can evaluate the risk of flooding in your basement and discuss your options, so you can make an informed decision.